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Adaptive Control System based on Lineal Control Theory for the Path-Following Problem of a Car-Like Mobile Robot

Congresses name: 




28-30 March 2012

The objective of this paper is to design a path following control system for a car-like mobile robot using classical linear control techniques, so that it adapts on-line to varying conditions during the trajectory following task. The main advantages of the proposed control structure is that well known linear control theory can be applied in calculating the PID controllers to fulfil control requirements, while at the same time it is flexible to be applied in non-linear changing conditions of the path following task. For this purpose the Frenet frame kinematic model of the robot is linearised at a varying working  point  that is calculated as a function of the actual velocity, the path curvature and kinematic parameters of the robot, yielding a transfer function that varies during the trajectory. The proposed controller is formed by a combination of an adaptive PID and a feed-forward controller, which varies accordingly with the working conditions and compensates the non-linearity of the system. The good features and flexibility of the proposed control structure have been demonstrated through realistic simulations that include both kinematics and dynamics of the car-like robot.